The source of Indira Gandhi Canal is few kilometer down the meeting point of Beas and Sutlej rivers in the state of Punjab from the Harike Barrage near Sultanpur.
This canal enters Haryana near Lohgarh village of Haryana from Punjab and running through the western part of Sirsa District to enter into the state of Rajasthan near Kharakheda village Distt. Hanumangarh. Thus Indira Gandhi Canal travels 167 km in Punjab and Haryana and remaining 37 km in Rajasthan to meet the main Rajasthan Canal of 445 km length flowing entirely in Rajasthan.
The North-Western region of Rajasthan is a part of Thar Desert. Indira Gandhi Canal and its irrigation facilities have completely changed and transformed the seven districts of Rajasthan namely- Hanumangarh, Churu, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Sri Ganganagar and Barmer.
The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates 6770 sq.km area in the district of Jaisalmer and 37 sq.km area in the District of Barmer. The jaisalmer district already had an irrigated area of about 3679 sq.km. The combined irrigation facilities have changed this once arid and sandy land into an oasis of green and rich fields. Now the agriculturists grow multi crops of cotton, wheat and mustard and other cash crops in this Thar Desert and prospering with a smile.